Population–Urbanization–Energy Nexus: A Review

Volume (Issue): 8, 136

Energy expansion and security in the current world scenario focuses on increasing the
energy generation capacity and if possible, adopting cleaner and greener energy in that development
process. However, too often this expansion and planning alters the landscape and human influence
on its surroundings through a very complex mechanism. Resource extraction and land management
activity involved in energy infrastructure development and human management of such development
systems have long-term and sometimes unforeseen consequences. Although alternative energy
sources are being explored, energy production is still highly dependent on fossil fuel, especially
in most developing countries. Further, energy production can potentially a ect land productivity,
land cover, human migration, and other factors involved in running an energy production system,
which presents a complex integration of these factors. Thus, land use, energy choices, infrastructure
development and the population for which such facilities are being developed must be cognizant
of each other, and the interactions between them need to be studied and understood closely. This
study strives to analyze the implications of linkages between the energy industry, urbanization,
and population and especially highlights processes that can be a ected by their interaction. It is
found that despite advancement in scientific tools, each of the three components, i.e., population
growth, urbanization, and energy production, operates in silos, especially in developing countries,
and that this complex issue of nexus is not dealt with in a comprehensive way.

Ashwani Kumar