Towards a comprehensive methodology to assess biofuels production as a climate change mitigation action: Climate Benefits and Environmental and Socio‐Economic Implications of Biofuels production in Thailand

Commissioned Report

Biofuels can contribute to climate change mitigation by providing a substitute for fossil fuels, but biofuel production also impacts the livelihoods of farmers, in terms of both the financial benefits and the opportunity costs of alternative land uses. Biofuels production can also impact the local environment through the chemical inputs required to achieve high crop yields. This study is to develop and apply a comprehensive evaluation framework for sugarcane, cassava and wood biomass for bioenergy production covering GHG mitigation, land use changes associated with the production of biofuel feedstocks by applying GIS, profitability analysis of biofuel crops, and environmental and socio-economic impacts of biofuels. The proposed methodology is applied in Thailand.