A National 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) Strategy is currently being developed by the Ministry of Environment, Indonesia (KLH) in line with the newly enacted Municipal Solid Waste Management Act by the Government of Indonesia in May 2008. The third draft of the strategy was presented in October 2008 and the final version will be submitted in mid 2009. This initiative, supported by the Ministry of Environment, Japan through United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD) and Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), is implemented to disseminate 3R concepts in Asian countries and thereby to promote development of a resource efficient and low-carbon society.
In line with the ongoing development and designated targets of the National 3R Strategy, this research aims to assist effective implementation of the proposed activities and dissemination of 3R principles in various targeted sectors. For that end, past 3R-related activities, projects, initiatives and researches, which are listed in the draft National 3R Strategy, and their results and outcomes will be surveyed in this research with a particular focus on 3R-related modules or educational tools to propose an effective and practical approach to disseminate 3R principles in Indonesia. Although various sectors are dealt with in the National 3R Strategy, due to limited time allocation, a particular focus is given to municipal solid waste management as it is the focus of the newly enacted Act.