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Industry, in the context of this chapter, is mostly confined to the strict definition of the word: -“economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories”. Industry has a major impact on nature and its biodi- versity in Asia and the Pacific, as it does elsewhere in the world. Industry impacts...
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The Asia-Pacific region faces a fundamental dilemma. Over recent decades the region has achieved tremendous economic growth that has lifted millions of its people out of poverty and raised living standards, but in many places the way land is being used to generate this growth is unsustainable. Land has been exploited – growing economies regardless...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Christian
Loewe
Providing a decent life and well-being for nearly 10 billion1 people by 2050, without further compromising the ecological limits of our planet and its benefits, is one of the most serious challenges and responsibilities humanity has ever faced. People worldwide rely on the smooth functioning of Earth’s natural life-support systems, in different...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Paul
Lucas
Detlef
van Vuuren
Fintan
Hurley
An analysis of pathways towards sustainable development needs a long-term vision. Ideally, such a vision is summarized in a quantitative set of globally agreed key objectives or targets. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted in September 2015, conceptualizes sustainable development through 17 SDGs and is further operationalized...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Klaus
Jacob
Pedro
Feldman
Leandra Regina
Gonçalves
James
Hollway
Sebastian
Sewerin
He
Chenmin
The importance of good policy design cannot be overstressed. Some common elements are: i. setting a long-term vision and avoiding crisis-mode policy decisions, through inclusive, participatory design processes; ii. establishing a baseline, quantified targets and milestones; iii. conducting ex ante and ex post cost–benefit or costeffectiveness...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Frederick Ato
Armah
Phillip
Dickerson
Christina
Guerreiro
Terry
Keating
Oswaldo
dos Santos Lucon
Asami
Miyazaki
Amit
Patel
Stefan
Reis
Kari
DePryck
The composition of Earth’s atmosphere is one of the major determinants of a healthy planet, influencing the climate, ecosystems and human health. This is highlighted by the existence of a direct or indirect link between the challenges of air pollution, climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, persistent bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT)...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Klaus
Jacob
Diana
Mangalagiu
Pandi
Zdruli
Katharina
Helming
Andrew
Onwuemele
Leila
Zamani
Darshini
Ravindranath
Hung
Vo
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the current Land and Soil policy framework and the related shortcomings, especially in terms of policy cohesion and implementation, as well as overall effectiveness. The subsequent sections present case studies of different sets of legal and policy instruments, economic tools and incentives, as well...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Erica
Gaddis
James
Grellier
Anna Maria
Grobicki
Rowena
Hay
Naho
Mirumachi
Gavin
Mudd
Farhad
Mukhtarov
Walter
Rast
Beatriz
Rodríguez-Labajos
Jaee Sanjay
Nikam
Patricia Nayna
Schwerdtle
Various policy approaches show that water quantity and quality have serious implications for human and ecosystem health, and that these interactions are driven by changes in multiple sectors. Governance is increasingly opened up to non-State actors, such as the private sector and civil society. Decision-making thus needs to consider the full range...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
John
Crump
Klaus
Jacob
Diana
Mangalagiu
Caroline
Zickgraf
Babatunde Joseph
Abiodun
Giovanna
Armiento
Rob
Bailey
Elaine
Baker
Kathryn Jennifer
Brown
Irene
Dankelman
Riyanti
Djalante
Monica
Dutta
Fintan
Hurley
Maria Jesus
Iraola
Rakhyun E.
Kim
Richard
King
Andrei
Kirilenko
Oswaldo
dos Santos Lucon
Ritu
Mathur
Gavin
Mudd
Sebastian
Sewerin
Tim
Stephens
Patricia
Schwerdtle
Joni
Seager
Laura
Wellesley
Caradee Y.
Wright
Souhir
Hammami
This chapter evaluates the capacity of environmental policies to achieve transformational change in addressing cross-cutting global sustainable development challenges. To this end, the chapter addresses the major challenges of adapting socioeconomic systems to climate change, creating a sustainable agricultural and food production system,...