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Policy Brief
先進国を中心とする木材需要の高まりに応じて、人工林の総面積は過去20年で10倍に拡大した。荒廃地等における人工林の増加は、天然林に対する伐採圧力を緩和し、気候変動の抑制、住民の生計への支援、国家の開発政策への寄与など、極めて重要な役割を担っている。 現在、世界の人工林の60%以上はアジアに存在している。近年におけるアジアの人工林面積の急激な拡大は、特に中国、ベトナム、インドなどにおいて大規模な造林プログラムが実施されてきた結果である。しかし、農村地帯における企業又は政府主導の人工造林は、地域住民を彼らの生活の重要な基盤となっている土地から排除する結果となることが多く、しばしば地域の社会紛争を引き起こしてきた。造林プログラムに地域住民が参加している場合でも、土地利用が制限されるため...
Policy Report
Asian cities have faced problems caused by rapid urbanization for decades. While urbanization can bring economic development to the cities, it also produces decrease of natural resources or environmental deterioration. From the perspective of fresh water related issues, Asian cities are suffering from scarcity of water resources and water...
Policy Brief
IGES Policy Brief
Partly due to the worldwide upsurge in industrial demand for timber, the number of planted forests has increased ten-fold in the last 20 years. These planted forests currently comprise only about 5% of the world’s forest area, but supply 35% of industrial logs and have critical roles to play in releasing pressure on natural forests, mitigating...
Policy Report
The objective of this project is to answer the question of "how business/industry can realise a sustainable society". To attain this objective, two goals were set: (1) to identify promising business models for realising a sustainable society and develop relevant methods to quantify their potential while proposing masures to promote such businesses,...
Discussion Paper

INTERNATIONAL MATERIAL FLOW OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS AND THE PROSPECTS FOR ASIAN REGIONAL RECYCLING NETWORK

The 4th International Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology, ISIE, June 17-20, 2007, University of Tronto, Canada
Discussion Paper
Component 3 of the Core Environment Program (CEP) for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) deals with environmental performance assessment (EPA) and sustainable development planning. The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) is primarily responsible for the sustainable development planning, while the United Nations Environment...
Discussion Paper
From the outset of the National Performance Assessment and a Strategic Environmental Framework for the Greater Mekong Subregion (SEF II) in 2003 the selection of the right set of indicators was seen as the key step in the conduct of an environmental performance assessment (EPA) as shown below. Step One: Selecting policy concerns Step Two: Adapting...
Discussion Paper
Under ADB's TA 6069-REG: National Performance Assessment and Subregional Strategic Environment Framework for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), a first attempt at a subregional environmental assessment was prepared towards the end of the project (ADB 2006). Under this project (referred to as SEF II), the emphasis was on national environmental...
Research Report
The purpose of this review paper is to demonstrate the best practice worldwide in attempting to link sustainable development planning at all levels with environmental performance. It also reviews the progress to date in the GMS with both sustainable development planning and environmental performance assessment and the need for increased linkage.