Results 1 - 8 of 8 (Sorted by date)
Policy Brief
Author:
Sebnem
Sahin
Anil
Markandya
Water scarcity is worsening to the point that it has become a limiting factor to the growth of major economies in South Asia, and agriculture is by far the largest water-using sector. Overuse of water for crop production is one of the main causes of water scarcity. This overuse results from low irrigation water use efficiency (WUE) associated with...
Policy Brief
Banks face major losses unless climate risks are properly assessed and addressed. This policy brief makes recommendations to strengthen the integration of climate risks into banks' risk management and financial accounting so the banking sector can be more financially sustainable. 銀行が気候変動に伴うリスクを適切に評価し対処しない場合、巨額の損失に直面する危険性を指摘し、銀行セクターに対して...
Policy Brief
This policy brief advocates the landscape approach in areas where competing demands on land and natural resources in the Asia-Pacific region can be observed. The landscape approach enables development while protecting and enhancing ecosystems and their services. Definitions, a set of normative principles and recommendations, including building on...
Policy Brief
ACIAR Policy Brief
Author:
ACIAR
Groundwater can provide irrigation for rural communities where surface water is absent or unreliable. Technical, institutional and capacity limits have prevented rural communities from using groundwater for irrigation, and researchers have not demonstrated how to extract and use groundwater effectively for agriculture. A recent Australian-funded...
Policy Brief
先進国を中心とする木材需要の高まりに応じて、人工林の総面積は過去20年で10倍に拡大した。荒廃地等における人工林の増加は、天然林に対する伐採圧力を緩和し、気候変動の抑制、住民の生計への支援、国家の開発政策への寄与など、極めて重要な役割を担っている。 現在、世界の人工林の60%以上はアジアに存在している。近年におけるアジアの人工林面積の急激な拡大は、特に中国、ベトナム、インドなどにおいて大規模な造林プログラムが実施されてきた結果である。しかし、農村地帯における企業又は政府主導の人工造林は、地域住民を彼らの生活の重要な基盤となっている土地から排除する結果となることが多く、しばしば地域の社会紛争を引き起こしてきた。造林プログラムに地域住民が参加している場合でも、土地利用が制限されるため...
Policy Brief
IGES Policy Brief
Partly due to the worldwide upsurge in industrial demand for timber, the number of planted forests has increased ten-fold in the last 20 years. These planted forests currently comprise only about 5% of the world’s forest area, but supply 35% of industrial logs and have critical roles to play in releasing pressure on natural forests, mitigating...