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Policy Brief
1997年に採択された京都議定書は、先進工業各国毎に異なる温室効果ガスの排出抑制・削減義務を課し、第一約束期間中(2008〜12年)に先進工業国全体として温室効果ガスを1990年比で少なくとも5%削減することを目標として定めている。国連気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)事務局が、2006年5月にとりまとめた京都議定書目標達成に向けた進捗状況に関する報告書(FCCC/SBI/2006/INF.2)によると、議定書批准先進工業諸国の2003年の総排出量は、経済移行国で経済活動が停滞したため、1990年比で6.2%減少し、先進工業諸国全体での削減目標については達成できそうな見通しである。他方で、各国の状況を個別に見てみると、日本やEUの一部の国は、目標達成が危うい状 況にある。...
Policy Brief
The Kyoto Protocol, adopted in 1997, committed industrialised countries to accept legally-binding targets to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions collectively by an average of 5% below 1990 levels in the first commitment period from 2008 to 2012. According to the latest report by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)...
Discussion Paper
Author:
Pan Haixiao
Shanghai is one of the largest prosperous cities in China with the population over 17million. From the 1940’s the major urban planning strategy is trying to de-centralize the overcrowded population in the central part of the city, where the density was even as high as 70000 people/sq.km, now decreased to 40000 people/sq.km. The still very high...
Presentation
the Better Air Quality Workshop, 2006, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Policy makers in many large cities in Asia recently started to consider the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) as an option for their urban transport. This research aims to uncover the reason why introductions of BRTs in Asia were accelerated around 2004 from the perspective of lesson-drawing. Specifically, through comparative study of policy process for...
Conference Proceeding
Contents: (1) State and the Community in Water management Case of the Damodar Valley Corporation, India by Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt (2) Rewarding Communities for Keeping Rivers Clearn? First Steps in a River Care Program in West Lambung-Indonesia by Rudy Harto Widodo, S. Suyanto et. al. (3) Consumers Education, Representation and Participation in...
Discussion Paper
Environmental Business tends to be regarded as an industrial sector of market economy. However, the mainstream of Environmental Business does not exist in market economy, but in the third sector of community-based organizations, which is different from economies of private enterprises and governments. In fact, this trend is emerging in various...