Results 1 - 10 of 28 (Sorted by date)
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Yasuko Kameyama
The aim of this paper is to examine the repercussions in Japan wrought by the Kyoto Protocol, which it signed in 1997, and to point the way for the country’s response in the next and future rounds of protocol-related negotiations. This challenge is met by first reviewing Japan’s past negotiating positions at the international level and relevant...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Theodora Petroula
Rob Swart
Bernd Gugele
Bernd Strobel
Peter Taylore
This paper describes the role of the European Community (EC) in negotiating the Kyoto Protocol and then focuses on the progress of the European Union (EU) towards meeting its Kyoto commitments. The EC ratified the Kyoto Protocol on May 31, 2002. It has pledged to meet the implied target of an 8 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions between...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Jyoti Parikh
Kirit Parikhb
This article describes the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) policy of India, provides estimates of potential for a few sectors, and voices India’s concern about the CDM. In particular it covers the problems of determining CDM baseline, transaction costs, and risks that have to be borne by the developing countries and determining a fair price for...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Daniel Murdiyarsoa
Despite good intentions to get a solid grasp of various technical issues and put in place policy instruments related to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, Indonesia’s government still faces tremendous challenges in terms of disseminating information on the progress of climate treaty negotiations and gaining as wide public support as possible...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
During the last years, when the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol became dependent on its ratification by Russia, the protocol’s prospects appeared quite uncertain. To a great extent this uncertainty was reinforced by the contradictory declarations of Russian officials?promises of imminent ratification that alternated with critiques of the...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Nigel Purvisa
Convincing the United States to mitigate its greenhouse gas emissions is critical to spurring a stronger and more durable international response to climate change. This paper focuses on current US action on climate change and the potential for future US emissions targets in both domestic and international arenas. Five topics are covered: (1) the...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Brian S. Fisher
Kate Woffenden
Anna Matysek
Melanie Ford
Vivek Tulpulé
Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the international community has sought to find a policy framework to address the threat of human-induced climate change. The most significant action to date has been the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997. Given Russia’s recent decision to ratify the protocol it is now...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Erik Haites
Farhana Yaminb
This paper provides an overview of the three Kyoto mechanisms?joint implementation, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), and international emissions trading. These mechanisms enable parties to the Kyoto Protocol with emissions limitation commitments for 2008 to 2012 (Annex B parties) to meet those commitments at lower cost. Projects under the CDM...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Axel Michaelowa
Industrialized countries have been astonishingly slow in providing incentives for their private sectors to invest in Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects or to buy certified emission reductions (CERs). On the other hand, capacity-building initiatives have been promoted extensively and have used almost 10 percent of the total funds invested in...