Results 1 - 10 of 47 (Sorted by date)
Peer-reviewed Article
In 環境科学会誌
Author:
Minami
Sakamoto
Akio
Onishi
Although greenery in urban areas has many functions, such as mitigation of the urban heat island effect, and reduction of rainfall-induced surface runoff, it is difficult to secure the space required to plant trees in cities, which are crowded with buildings. Therefore, rooftop greening has attracted attention and many cities are adopting and...
Submission to Policy Process
Contributing Papers for the 2019 Global Assessment Report
Author:
Karen G.
Villholth
Paul
Pavelic
Andrew
Ross
Groundwater is a de-facto source of water during drought and emergencies. In a broader perspective, the traditional short-term strategy of using groundwater to combat water deficits during drought needs revisiting. The objective of this paper is to examine the relevance and options for developing and adopting such groundwater-based natural...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Proceedings of the International Cartographic Association
Author:
Parks and other public green spaces (hereafter “urban green spaces”) provide many benefits to urban dwellers, but some residents receive few benefits due to a lack of urban green spaces nearby their home/workplace. Understanding spatial variations in urban green space accessibility is thus important for urban planning. As a case study, here we...
Peer-reviewed Article
In International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology (BUILT)
The term of “Appropriate Technology (AT)”, introduced by Schumacher which refers to all kind of technologies including environmental technology, has been since developed into a global discourse on technology advancement and its impacts of implementation on human civilisation as seen from various perspectives. The technology could also relate to the...
Book Chapter
In Asia-Pacific Landscape Transformations: Solutions for Sustainability
Food production and productivity improvements have contributed to lifting millions of people out of poverty and reduced hunger and malnutrition, but are associated with patterns of land intensification that have degraded agricultural land and caused great environmental harm. Underlying drivers affecting land conversion to and from agriculture...
Commissioned Report
パリ協定に掲げる今世紀後半に脱炭素社会(温室効果ガス排出量が正味ゼロの状態)を実現させるためには、経済成長が著しいアジアにおいて、持続可能な低炭素社会の構築に向けた動きを加速させることが必要である。近年、経済成長著しいアジアの都市では、急激な都市化により、資源やエネルギー消費量が増大し、交通量増加に伴う交通渋滞が頻発しており、生活や経済活動に伴う廃棄物、排水、排ガス、温室効果ガス(GHG)等の排出量が増加するなど、住民の生活環境の悪化を招いている。これらの都市の経済成長を維持しながら快適な生活環境を守っていくには、効率的な資源循環や省エネ施策を推進し、環境負荷を最小限に留める持続可能な都市形成にシフトしていかなければならない。 我が国は、開発途上国においてこのような取組を支援すべく...
Peer-reviewed Article
In International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Author:
M.A. Baqui
Khalily
Akio
Onishi
Microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Bangladesh provide a variety of financial services to poor households that can help them cope with natural disasters (e.g. floods) and adapt to environmental changes (e.g. increasing soil salinity). However, due to the limited geographic range in which MFI branches can provide their services, households located...
Training or Learning Material
Author:
Vibhas
Sukhwani
Hikaru
Takasawa
Atsushi
Ishibashi
Rajib
Shaw
Wanglin
Yan
Urban and rural areas both depend on a shared stock of natural resources. However, their development planning is mostly focused within their established boundaries. This report is an effort to bring together innovative methods of integrating urban and rural stakeholders to manage shared natural resources. The report looks at seven different case...