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Peer-reviewed Article
In 廃棄物資源循環学会誌
Author:
Michikazu
Kojima
2001年に,OECD (経済開発協力機構) が拡大生産者責任 (EPR) 政策の政府向けガイダンスマニュアルを発表して以来,EPRの原則に基づいた使用済み製品の引き取り・リサイクル政策は,導入国数,政策の対象とする製品ともに拡充してきている。不適切な廃棄物管理やインフォーマルなリサイクル活動による環境負荷や社会問題に直面してきた途上国では,EPR政策の導入がある種の希望をもってみられてきた。本論文では,アジア新興国・途上国でのEPR政策の展開を紹介し,途上国でEPR政策を導入する上での課題を整理する。その上で,OECD政策ガイダンス改訂版はこれらの途上国の抱える課題にどう応えているかを論じる。最後に,途上国のリサイクル政策へのEPR適用の経験から何が学べるのかについて,論じる。
Peer-reviewed Article
In MATTER: International Journal of Science and Technology
Due to ever increasing demand, the electronics industry has been growing at a rapid pace, and therefore handling and management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) has become one of the key problems in the modern world. Improper handling and management of WEEE in developing countries can cause a huge environmental damage and threats...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Renewable Energy
Author:
Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technologies seem to be an option to tackle the growing waste management problems in developing Asia. This paper presents a quantitative assessment of the environmental and economic attributes of two major WtE technologies: landfill gas to energy (LFG-to-energy) and incineration in Thai cities. Net greenhouse gas (GHG)...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
As resource consumption rates soar, especially in rapidly industrialising Asia, improving resource efficiency will be an important agenda. This study analyses socio-economic conditions and policy statements on natural resources in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, to explore their motivation for resource efficiency...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Author:
Chettiyapan
VISVANATHAN
Michikazu
KOJIMA
Pariatamby
AGAMUTHU
In developing Asia, policies and legislations to promote reduce, reuse and recycling (3Rs) of waste have gained much traction over the last 10 years. Henceforth, the focus of governmental efforts on the 3Rs will be on improving the policy implementation and managing the policy progress. To meet these ends, it is essential to set clear policy...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Author:
Michikazu
KOJIMA
VISVANATHAN C.
The recycling rate is one of the most widely used indicators for monitoring progress in waste recycling and resource-saving activities. Basically, the recycling rate is calculated as the proportional value (%) of waste recycled from the total waste generated. An increase in this indicator usually means that the progress is being made in recycling...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Waste Management and Research
Waste reduction and recycling at the city level will acquire greater significance in the near future due to rising global volumes of waste. This paper seeks to identify policy-relevant drivers for successful promotion of waste reduction and recycling. Factors influencing the success of waste reduction and recycling campaigns are identified. Two...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of Cleaner Production
The electronics industry leads the world’s largest and fastest growing manufacturing sector. Consequently the management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) or end-of-life Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) has become a prominent problem in the modern world. WEEE contains many toxic and potentially hazardous substances which...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Challenges
Informal recycling of electronics in the developing world has emerged as a new global environmental concern. The primary approach to address this problem has been command-and-control policies that ban informal recycling and international trade in electronic scrap. These bans are difficult to enforce and also have negative effects by reducing reuse...