Results 1 - 10 of 13 (Sorted by date)
Working Paper
Although Japan and India have long considered the possibility of establishing the JCM as has been stipulated in joint statements between these two countries, an official bilateral document to start the JCM has not yet been signed. The JCM is one of the market-based mechanisms which involves Internationally Transferred Mitigation Outcomes (ITMOs)...
Working Paper
2005年に欧州でキャップ&トレード型の欧州連合域内排出量取引制度(EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System)が導入された。EU-ETSは世界で最も歴史の長いETS制度であり、世界の気候変動施策を先取りしたものとして、追随して行われている他の国内排出量取引制度のモデルにもなっている。EU加盟国間の大きな経済格差を含む複雑な事情と経済状況の低迷に対処する中、フェーズ1の実施からの14年間、現在に至るまで多くの課題への対処がなされてきた。しかしながら、試行錯誤的なものも含めて制度内容の変遷も大きく、非常に複雑な制度であることも否めない。 EU ETSに関しては、和文での文献、図書及びWeb上での情報は数多く存在し...
Working Paper
IWMI Working Paper
Irrigated agriculture has become an important focus of the Government of Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) for addressing poverty alleviation, food security and climate change. Most irrigation systems to date have relied upon surface water, limiting irrigation development to areas close to streams, rivers and reservoirs. To address this gap, a...
Working Paper
This paper tries to capture the main characteristics of financial components of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), in order to deepen understanding of developing countries’ financial needs. Such analysis will help developed countries and other countries consider provisions of financial support to developing countries. For this...
Working Paper
Author:
KABIR Mahfuz
Shuddhasattwa
RAFIQ
SALEMA S. M. Kalbin
Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate-induced disasters. Poor and vulnerable people living in the country’s many disaster-prone areas are systematically excluded from access to the formal banking systems. Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) provide the opportunity of financial inclusion for these people. This paper reveals that MFIs provide...
Working Paper
Author:
KHAN Md. Tareq Ferdous
KHALILY, M.D. Baqui
This paper examined the role of access to microfinance as an ex-ante measure of income smoothing on the coping strategies of poor households in north-western Bangladesh during the phenomenon of seasonal food insecurity known as monga. The analysis suggests that the nature and intensity of coping strategies adopted by households depends on their...
Working Paper
Author:
KHAN Tareq Ferdous
KHALILY M.A. Baqui
This study attempted to assess household level loss and damage resulting from three cyclones –Sidr, Aila and Mahasen – in Khulna, Patuakhali and Satkhira districts for a sample of households, the coping strategies they adopted, the determinants of these coping strategies, and the role of microfinance in coping and adapting in the aftermath of...
Working Paper
Author:
Supat
Wangwongwatana
This report presents the existing EIA systems and implementation practices in Thailand as of December 2014 and their challenges and recommendations. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the systems of assessment (EIA and environmental and health impact assessment or EHIA) and their procedures; Chapter 2 identifies major challenges and opportunities...
Working Paper
IGES Working Paper
Water and sanitation play an important role in the sustainable development and are central to all activities of human beings and for the health of the natural ecosystems. For the past several decades, water and sanitation, especially water sector, have been subjected to two kinds of pressures i.e. developmental pressure and climate change related...