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Discussion Paper
Author:
Tian Yanfang
Since the end of the 1990s, the Sino-Russian border regions have witnessed a dramatic, unprecedented increase in cross-border timber trade that has made Russia the largest log supplier for China's expanding wood industry sector. Driving factors include: severe constraints in China's domestic wood supplies, the availability of rich forest resources...
Policy Brief
先進国を中心とする木材需要の高まりに応じて、人工林の総面積は過去20年で10倍に拡大した。荒廃地等における人工林の増加は、天然林に対する伐採圧力を緩和し、気候変動の抑制、住民の生計への支援、国家の開発政策への寄与など、極めて重要な役割を担っている。 現在、世界の人工林の60%以上はアジアに存在している。近年におけるアジアの人工林面積の急激な拡大は、特に中国、ベトナム、インドなどにおいて大規模な造林プログラムが実施されてきた結果である。しかし、農村地帯における企業又は政府主導の人工造林は、地域住民を彼らの生活の重要な基盤となっている土地から排除する結果となることが多く、しばしば地域の社会紛争を引き起こしてきた。造林プログラムに地域住民が参加している場合でも、土地利用が制限されるため...
Policy Brief
IGES Policy Brief
Partly due to the worldwide upsurge in industrial demand for timber, the number of planted forests has increased ten-fold in the last 20 years. These planted forests currently comprise only about 5% of the world’s forest area, but supply 35% of industrial logs and have critical roles to play in releasing pressure on natural forests, mitigating...
Policy Report
This study examines two major transitions in forest governance - decentralisation and state-sponsored (formal) community forestry - with respect to whether they are opening spaces for communities to contribute to sustainable forest management. Our main thesis is that there is a need for democratic decentralisation in order to effectively re-engage...
Book Chapter

退行還林の光と影

In shinrin kankyo 2006 sekai no shinrin wa ima
Remarks: 森林環境2006 世界の森林はいま 発行:(財)森林文化協会 発売:朝日新聞社
Book Chapter

「生態移民」に頼らない森の再生 (中国の環境政策・生態移民. 第4章)

In chugoku no kankyo seisaku seitai imin: midori no daichi, uchi mongoru no sabakuka o fusegeru ka? (Chapter 4)
Remarks: 中国の環境政策 生態移民: 緑の大地、内モンゴルの砂漠化を防げるか?(地球研叢書、昭和堂)
Book Chapter

Local perspectives in protected area management

In The State of Environment in Asia
Book Chapter

Bu yi lai "sheng tai yi min" de sen lin zai zao

In Zhong guo huan jing zheng ce bao gao sheng tai yi min
Author:
Xiang, Hu
Remarks: 中国環境政策報告 生態移民 Chinese translation of Japanese original text.
Policy Report
[Table of Contents] - Preface - Trends in China's forest-related policies - from the perspective of the growing timber trade / Masanobu YAMANE and Wenming LU - Trends in Malaysian Forest Policy / Weng-Chuen WOON and Haron NORINI - Trends in Forest Policy of the Philippines / Juan M. PULHIN - Farm Tree Planting and the Wood Industry in Indonesia : a...
Policy Report
The goal of the Forest Conservation Project is to develop strategies for desirable forest conservation and sustainable forest management. Although many approaches should be taken into consideration to achieve this goal, the project has set a precise objective for its second phase of research (April 2001 to March 2004): to propose concrete measures...