Results 1 - 10 of 71 (Sorted by date)
Non Peer-reviewed Article
In 産業と教育
2015年9月、ニューヨークにある国連本部で「国連持続可能な開発サミット」が開催され、「我々の世界を変革する:持続可能な開発のための2030アジェンダ」が採択された。あわせて、17の目標と169のターゲットからなる「持続可能な開発目標(SDGs)」が合意された。SDGsは、アジェンダを実現していくための実施計画の目標と位置付けられている。世界レベルにおいて、持続可能な社会づくりの最大の課題は人口の急増といえる。2011年に70億人を突破した世界の人口は、2050年には96億人にも達するともいわれている。人口が増加すると当然食糧や資源の需要量が増大する。また、一人ひとりの生活レベルの向上に伴い、一人当たりの資源・エネルギー消費量も増大していくだろう。一方、日本では農林水産業が衰退の一途をたどり...
Presentation

Groundwater irrigation for climate-proof agriculture in Lao PDR: How the country could benefit from international experiences?

2nd WORLD IRRIGATION FORUM
Author:
Hiromasa
Hamada
Anousith
Keophoxay
Paul
Pavelic
Corentin
Clement
----
Commissioned Report
Author:
Paul
Pavelic
et al.
Owing to a high prevalence of rural poverty in Lao PDR, improving the livelihoods of smallholder farmers by increasing their productivity is a high priority for the Government. Smallholder farming relies primarily on rainfall, which is prone to shortfalls and occasional droughts during the crop planting season. Reliable irrigation supplies would...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Biological Conservation
Author:
Shoko
Sakai
Yee Keong
Choy
Keiko
Kishimoto-Yamada
Kohei
T. Takano
Masahiro
Ichikawa
Yumi
Kato
Ryoji
Soda
Masayuki
Ushio
Izuru
Saizen
Tohru
Nakashizuka
Takao
Itioka
Supply of non-timber Forest Products (NTFPs) is an important provisioning ecosystem service. It is often argued that forest conservation contributes to poverty alleviation through provisioning of NTFPs to the poor. However, implicit assumptions of the argument that NTFPs are more intensively utilized by poor who lack alternative sub-sistence...
Briefing Note
REDD+実施のための支援の調整に関する情報交換や議論を交渉とは別に継続して行うために、各国のREDD+フォーカルポイントや、資金供与に関わる多国間および二国間開発援助機関、民間セクター、先住民、NGO等の代表が参加し、毎年自主的に会合を開くことが奨励されており(Decision 10/CP.19、パラグラフ4)、その第3回REDD+自主的会合が第44回気候変動枠組条約締約国会議補助機関会合期間中の5月23日に開催された。第3回会合では、ブラジル等のREDD+実施国と国際的な資金提供機関からそれぞれの進捗と資金へのアクセスや調整について発表が行われた。本稿は、第3回REDD+自主的会合で発表された資料1を参考に、REDD+の結果に基づく支払いに向けた途上国のREDD...
Peer-reviewed Article
In palawija
Various forms of sustainable agriculture have been promoted in the Asia and Pacific region, with organic agriculture constituting the single most important form. There is a commonality in the way sustainable agriculture has been defined, but often these definitions miss nuances such as its relation to climate change. Several sustainable agriculture...
Peer-reviewed Article
In PLoS ONE
Author:
Yuichi Kano
David Dudgeon
So Nam
Katsutoshi Watanabe
Chaiwut Grudpan
Jarungjit Grudpan
Wichan Magtoon
Prachya Musikasinthorn
Phuong Thanh Nguyen
Bounthob Praxaysonbath
Tomoyuki Sato
Koichi Shibukawa
Yukihiro Shimatani
Apinun Suvarnaraksha
Wataru Tanaka
Phanara Thach
Dac Dinh Tran
Tomomi Yamashita
Kenzo Utsugi
Both hydropower dams and global warming pose threats to freshwater fish diversity. While the extent of global warming may be reduced by a shift towards energy generation by large dams in order to reduce fossil-fuel use, such dams profoundly modify riverine habitats. Furthermore, the threats posed by dams and global warming will interact: for...
Policy Report
Recognising the importance of markets to sustainable forest management, this document provides guidance to timber buyers on the steps that they can take to responsibly purchase Papua New Guinean export timber. Log exports have been a major foreign exchange earner for PNG, but weak enforcement of forest laws means that the forest estate is mostly...
Peer-reviewed Article
In The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Developing countries must submit forest reference emission levels (FRELs) to the UNFCCC to receive incentives for REDD+ activities (e.g. reducing emissions from deforestation/forest degradation, sustainable management of forests, forest carbon stock conservation/enhancement). These FRELs are generated based on historical CO2 emissions in the land...
Presentation
Towards Sustainable Groundwater in Agriculture: 2nd International Conference Linking Science and Policy
Author:
Paul
Pavelic
Corentin
Clement
Jordan
Vinckevleugel
Khammal
Vongsathiane
Seinab
Bohsung
In a poorly developed, water-rich country such as Lao PDR, most attention has historically been given to surface water development issues with limited consideration to groundwater. However, even with such relative abundance, spatial or temporal shortfalls and occasional droughts are faced, and groundwater is being increasingly relied upon to...