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Policy Brief
アジア太平洋地域の発展途上国で進んでいる森林減少の最大の要因は、違法かつ持続可能でない伐採である。違法伐採によって木材輸入国が安価な木材を大量に輸入できる一方で、輸出国の自然環境、森林の管理・経営(ガバナンス)、そして森林に依存して暮らしている人々の生活が犠牲になっている。木材輸入国においても発展途上国の適正な森林管理を促進する義務があることを認識して、現在多くの政府が合法で持続可能な木材の調達を支援する公共調達政策を導入している。これは、持続可能な開発を進める上で国際貿易を活用する極めて重要な一歩である。 本ポリシー・ブリーフは、日本、英国、オランダ及びフランスで実施されている木材公共調達政策を比較し、各国の手法の共通点と相違点を検証しながら...
Policy Brief
This policy brief includes a comparative analysis between Japan's public timber procurement policy and those of several European countries. In addition to identifying a set of elements that public timber procurement policies must include to favour legal and sustainable timber, it provides recommendations for further strengthening Japan's policy on...
Discussion Paper
Author:
Tian Yanfang
Since the end of the 1990s, the Sino-Russian border regions have witnessed a dramatic, unprecedented increase in cross-border timber trade that has made Russia the largest log supplier for China's expanding wood industry sector. Driving factors include: severe constraints in China's domestic wood supplies, the availability of rich forest resources...
Policy Report
The aim of this interim country report is to disseminate the results of the activities from the second fiscal year of the second phase, on the Russian Far East, and to provide the basis for discussions on developing guidelines and recommendations for participatory forest management.Under the former USSR, local people were separated from forest...
Policy Report
The goal of the Forest Conservation Project is to develop strategies for desirable forest conservation and sustainable forest management. Although many approaches should be taken into consideration to achieve this goal, the project has set a precise objective for its second phase of research (April 2001 to March 2004): to propose concrete measures...
Research Report
Author:
Economic Research Institute, Far Eastern Division of Russian Academy of Sciences
This report is compiled on results of research implemented during the first year of the Project, “Developing a Forest Conservation Strategy for the Russian Far East,” which is being undertaken by on the basis of the agreement between the Economic Research Institute of the Far Eastern Division of Russian Academy of Sciences and the Forest...