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Report Chapter
Industry, in the context of this chapter, is mostly confined to the strict definition of the word: -“economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories”. Industry has a major impact on nature and its biodi- versity in Asia and the Pacific, as it does elsewhere in the world. Industry impacts...
Policy Brief
Author:
Alexandra
Ralevski
Anke
Fischer
Jeanette
Lim
Biodiversity – the variety of life on Earth – provides a virtually infinite source of inspiration for technological innovation. Thousands of designs and strategies from thousands of unique species and ecosystems are being uncovered and mimicked for applications as diverse as surgery and space exploration. At the same time, however, unique species...
Commentary (Op. Ed)
グリーン・パワー
パーム油は、西アフリカ原産のアブラヤシの実を搾った油脂から作られる。日本で消費される植物油のうち菜種油についで2番目に多く消費され、国民一人当たり年に4~5リットル消費している(WWF 2015)。食用油、マーガリン・ショートニング、スナック菓子、化粧品、洗剤など幅広い用途に使用されている。また、ここ数年ではアブラヤシの種子からパーム核油を取り出した後の残ざん渣さであるパーム核殻が輸入され、国内のバイオマス発電で使用されるようになっている(滝沢 2015等)。よって、パーム油はその生産過程で生じる副産物も含めて、私たちにとって非常に身近な存在といえる。しかし、日本ではパーム油を使用する商品の原材料名には「植物油脂」と記載されるので、普段パーム油を消費しているという実感をもつのが難しく...
Report Chapter
Author:
Haripriya
Gundimeda
Shizuka
Hshimoto
Phillip
Riordan
Shunsuke
Managi
Jonathon
Anticamara
Sonali
Ghosh
Sunieeta
Subramanian
Ruchi
Badola
The chapter focuses on future scenarios of Biodiversity and Ecosystem nServices (BES) and implications to human well-being in the Asia-Pacific region and account for the unique regional characteristics and national policy making practices related to conservation of BES.
Policy Brief
Author:
Sebnem
Sahin
Anil
Markandya
Water scarcity is worsening to the point that it has become a limiting factor to the growth of major economies in South Asia, and agriculture is by far the largest water-using sector. Overuse of water for crop production is one of the main causes of water scarcity. This overuse results from low irrigation water use efficiency (WUE) associated with...
Policy Brief
ACIAR Policy Brief
Author:
ACIAR
Groundwater can provide irrigation for rural communities where surface water is absent or unreliable. Technical, institutional and capacity limits have prevented rural communities from using groundwater for irrigation, and researchers have not demonstrated how to extract and use groundwater effectively for agriculture. A recent Australian-funded...
Policy Brief
This policy brief advocates the landscape approach in areas where competing demands on land and natural resources in the Asia-Pacific region can be observed. The landscape approach enables development while protecting and enhancing ecosystems and their services. Definitions, a set of normative principles and recommendations, including building on...
Policy Brief
This policy brief identifies approaches that could help achieve better synergies in implementing three major global frameworks dedicated to sustainable development (SD), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) on the ground via programmatic integration, collaboration, capacity, and innovation. The salient messages from...