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Policy Brief
Author:
Alexandra
Ralevski
Anke
Fischer
Jeanette
Lim
Biodiversity – the variety of life on Earth – provides a virtually infinite source of inspiration for technological innovation. Thousands of designs and strategies from thousands of unique species and ecosystems are being uncovered and mimicked for applications as diverse as surgery and space exploration. At the same time, however, unique species...
Discussion Paper
Ecosystem-based (EB) approaches have been strongly promoted in various international environmental and development processes. As a result, they are gaining increasing attention among development practitioners, policymakers and researchers. A review of G20 national adaptation plans and related strategies revealed that member countries have...
Commentary (Op. Ed)
グリーン・パワー
パーム油は、西アフリカ原産のアブラヤシの実を搾った油脂から作られる。日本で消費される植物油のうち菜種油についで2番目に多く消費され、国民一人当たり年に4~5リットル消費している(WWF 2015)。食用油、マーガリン・ショートニング、スナック菓子、化粧品、洗剤など幅広い用途に使用されている。また、ここ数年ではアブラヤシの種子からパーム核油を取り出した後の残ざん渣さであるパーム核殻が輸入され、国内のバイオマス発電で使用されるようになっている(滝沢 2015等)。よって、パーム油はその生産過程で生じる副産物も含めて、私たちにとって非常に身近な存在といえる。しかし、日本ではパーム油を使用する商品の原材料名には「植物油脂」と記載されるので、普段パーム油を消費しているという実感をもつのが難しく...
Discussion Paper
Global support for promoting adaptation, both in terms of technical and financial assistance is growing, though only a few countries have reached the stage of submitting their NAPs. Developing effective NAPs is a complicated process requiring a great deal of financial and technical resources, much akin to the implementation of environmental...
Discussion Paper
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were designed to be “integrated and indivisible, balanc[ing] the three dimensions of sustainable development." The growing need for integration has given rise to a number of tools and research that can help capture synergies and avoid trade-offs across goals and targets. These include tools that employ...
Policy Brief
Author:
Sebnem
Sahin
Anil
Markandya
Water scarcity is worsening to the point that it has become a limiting factor to the growth of major economies in South Asia, and agriculture is by far the largest water-using sector. Overuse of water for crop production is one of the main causes of water scarcity. This overuse results from low irrigation water use efficiency (WUE) associated with...
Policy Brief
ACIAR Policy Brief
Author:
ACIAR
Groundwater can provide irrigation for rural communities where surface water is absent or unreliable. Technical, institutional and capacity limits have prevented rural communities from using groundwater for irrigation, and researchers have not demonstrated how to extract and use groundwater effectively for agriculture. A recent Australian-funded...
Policy Brief
This policy brief advocates the landscape approach in areas where competing demands on land and natural resources in the Asia-Pacific region can be observed. The landscape approach enables development while protecting and enhancing ecosystems and their services. Definitions, a set of normative principles and recommendations, including building on...
Discussion Paper
Climate-fragility risks are on the rise globally and developmental paths taken by countries can shape these risks. To understand the link between development and climate-fragility risks in Asia, this brief presents the findings of a survey conducted with development practitioners and experts from a range of developing and developed countries. To...
Discussion Paper
This paper provides some initial reflections on climate-fragility risks for Japan. To complement this analysis, the paper also presents findings from a perception survey on climate-fragility risk conducted among Japanese professionals and practitioners outlining observations regarding the level of awareness around climate-fragility risks and the...