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Policy Brief
Author:
Alexandra
Ralevski
Anke
Fischer
Jeanette
Lim
Biodiversity – the variety of life on Earth – provides a virtually infinite source of inspiration for technological innovation. Thousands of designs and strategies from thousands of unique species and ecosystems are being uncovered and mimicked for applications as diverse as surgery and space exploration. At the same time, however, unique species...
Commentary (Op. Ed)
グリーン・パワー
パーム油は、西アフリカ原産のアブラヤシの実を搾った油脂から作られる。日本で消費される植物油のうち菜種油についで2番目に多く消費され、国民一人当たり年に4~5リットル消費している(WWF 2015)。食用油、マーガリン・ショートニング、スナック菓子、化粧品、洗剤など幅広い用途に使用されている。また、ここ数年ではアブラヤシの種子からパーム核油を取り出した後の残ざん渣さであるパーム核殻が輸入され、国内のバイオマス発電で使用されるようになっている(滝沢 2015等)。よって、パーム油はその生産過程で生じる副産物も含めて、私たちにとって非常に身近な存在といえる。しかし、日本ではパーム油を使用する商品の原材料名には「植物油脂」と記載されるので、普段パーム油を消費しているという実感をもつのが難しく...
Policy Brief
Author:
Sebnem
Sahin
Anil
Markandya
Water scarcity is worsening to the point that it has become a limiting factor to the growth of major economies in South Asia, and agriculture is by far the largest water-using sector. Overuse of water for crop production is one of the main causes of water scarcity. This overuse results from low irrigation water use efficiency (WUE) associated with...
Policy Brief
ACIAR Policy Brief
Author:
ACIAR
Groundwater can provide irrigation for rural communities where surface water is absent or unreliable. Technical, institutional and capacity limits have prevented rural communities from using groundwater for irrigation, and researchers have not demonstrated how to extract and use groundwater effectively for agriculture. A recent Australian-funded...
Policy Brief
This policy brief advocates the landscape approach in areas where competing demands on land and natural resources in the Asia-Pacific region can be observed. The landscape approach enables development while protecting and enhancing ecosystems and their services. Definitions, a set of normative principles and recommendations, including building on...
Data or Tool
This dataset contains supplementary material for the journal paper by Johnson et al. (2017). In the paper, OpenStreetMap crowdsourced data was used in combination with different types of satellite imagery to identify and map land cover changes in the Laguna de Bay area of the Philippines. The dataset provides the training data (derived from the...
Data or Tool
Author:
Nadia Bergamini
William Dunbar
Pablo Eyzaguirre
Kaoru Ichikawa
Dunja Mijatovic
Yasuyuki Morimoto
Nick Remple
Diana Salvemini
Wataru Suzuki
Ronni Vernooy
The indicators measure elements of SEPLS resilience that are, almost by definition, strongly interrelated. The practices and institutions that they describe can be grouped in five areas: • Landscape/seascape diversity and ecosystem protection • Biodiversity (including agricultural biodiversity) • Knowledge and innovation • Governance and social...
Policy Brief
This policy brief identifies approaches that could help achieve better synergies in implementing three major global frameworks dedicated to sustainable development (SD), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) on the ground via programmatic integration, collaboration, capacity, and innovation. The salient messages from...
Data or Tool
Author:
MAGCALE-MACANDOG Damasa B.
Milben
BRAGAIS
MACANDOG Paula Beatrice M.
We analyzed the change in vegetated and urban (impervious) area in the Silang-Santa Rosa sub-watershed of the Philippines to assess the implications related to flood risk. Our main findings were: -The impervious area of sub-watershed increased by 54% (from 3,239 ha. to 4,988 ha.). -The vegetated area decreased by 21% (from 8,509 ha. to 6,760 ha)....