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Issue Brief
Editor:
Sylvia Lorek
The overall objective of the REDUCTIONS project is to identify the potential for absolute resource and energy use reduction in production-consumption systems at all levels and to explore ways to realise this potential. The project has the ambition to generate knowledge-for-action and aims to propose science-based policies and strategies with a high...
Issue Brief
Editor:
Sylvia
LOREK
The overall objective of the REDUCTIONS* project is to identify the potential for absolute resource and energy use reduction in production-consumption systems at all levels and to explore ways to realise this potential. The project has the ambition to generate knowledge-for-action and aims to propose science-based policies and strategies with a...
Issue Brief
Editor:
Sylvia
LOREK
The overall objective of the REDUCTIONS* project is to identify the potential for absolute resource and energy use reduction in production-consumption systems at all levels and to explore ways to realise this potential. The project has the ambition to generate knowledge-for-action and aims to propose science-based policies and strategies with a...
Issue Brief
Editor:
Sylvia
LOREK
The overall objective of the REDUCTIONS* project is to identify the potential for absolute resource and energy use reduction in production-consumption systems at all levels and to explore ways to realise this potential. The project has the ambition to generate knowledge-for-action and aims to propose science-based policies and strategies with a...
Issue Brief
Author:
Chettiyappan
VISVANATHAN
Material Flow Analysis/Accounting (MFA) is one of the analytical tools that make it possible to monitor countries’ resource consumption trend and efficiency in resource use at the macro level. It uses already available production, consumption and trade data in combination with environmental statistics (OECD 2008). In principle, MFA can show not...
Issue Brief
The indicator “co-benefits of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) of municipal solid waste on climate change mitigation” aims to maximize use of resources which can significantly contribute not only to reduce GHG emissions but also to receive other co-benefits such as creating green jobs, improving social well-being, reducing health risks, enhancing...
Issue Brief
The indicator “promoting full-scale use of agricultural biomass residue and livestock waste” aims to maximise use of agricultural biomass residue and livestock waste through reuse and recycling measures. This would bring about a number of co‐benefits, including GHG emission reduction, energy security, poverty reduction, sustainable livelihoods in...
Issue Brief
Author:
Kousuke Kawai
Tomohiro Tasaki
MSW (municipal solid waste) generation and MSW generation per capita refer to indicators of environmental pressures humankind exerts on the environment (OECD, 2003), and by extension, environmental pressures caused by the use of natural resources. Currently, 340 million tons of MSW is generated a year in South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific Region...
Issue Brief
Author:
Michikazu Kojima
C. Visvanathan
The Recycling Rate and Target is often presented as a proportional value (%) and reflects the proportion of materials recycled or recovered from waste or the rate of inclusion of recycled materials in products. High figures usually imply progress in recycling activities. The indicator has several different aspects: 1) Ratio of recycled materials...
Issue Brief
Author:
C. Visvanathan
Most industrial operations are linear processes in which raw materials are processed into products, with waste as a by-product. However, waste is also generated at the time of raw material extraction, during processing, and ultimately at the end-of-life stage of a product. To minimise, reutilise or recycle waste at each stage, industrial operations...