Strategic Policy Options for APEIS/RISPO

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Discussion Paper
APEIS/RISPO Strategic Policy Options (SPOs) Database
"Compact city" in this policy option refers to land planning focusing on higher density and better accessibility which reduces automobile dependency. "Smart growth" is a general term for land use practices that create more accessible land use patterns which reduce the amount of travel needed to reach goods and services (Litman, 2003a). Experiences...
Discussion Paper
APEIS/RISPO Strategic Policy Options (SPOs) Database
Vehicle fuel taxes on gasoline and diesel have been introduced in many countries and are generally considered to be a road user fee intended to fund roadway projects and services (Jones and Nix 1995 and Brown 2001, cited in Litman 2003). However, given the fact that fuel consumption is causing environmental degradation, it can be justified to use...
Discussion Paper
APEIS/RISPO Strategic Policy Options (SPOs) Database
Road pricing means that motorists pay directly for driving on a particular roadway. Road pricing can be applied at various levels, such as a bridge or a tunnel, a roadway section, roadways in a corridor, all roads in an area (such as a central business district), or roadways at regional centres. Road pricing schemes targeting roads in an area take...
Discussion Paper
APEIS/RISPO Strategic Policy Options (SPOs) Database
Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a system that emphasises priority for and rapid movement of buses by securing segregated busways. BRT is also called other names including “high-capacity bus systems,” “high-quality bus systems”, “metro-bus” “express bus systems,” “busway systems,” and “surface metro systems”. The extent of dedicated infrastructure and...
Discussion Paper
Strategic Policy Options (SPOs) Database
Attempts to change travel behaviour through psychological strategies, instead of regulatory measures or economic incentives, began to be introduced in the 1990s. This policy option focuses on these new programmes and defines "travel awareness initiatives for wise use of automobiles" as programmes which aim to change travel behaviour through...
Discussion Paper
APEIS/RISPO Strategic Policy Options (SPOs) Database
Car sharing is a scheme which offers members access to a vehicle without ownership. Vehicles are collectively owned and maintained by car sharing organisations. The system can be thought of as organised short-term car rental; people who want to use those vehicles become members of those organisations, and make reservations when they need to drive....
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