Indicators

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Issue Brief
Author:
William
Alley
Sean
Furey
Ralf
Klingbeil
Seifu
Kabede
Ricardo
Hirata
KEY MESSAGES • groundwater is a key resource for the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Agenda for 2030 — but is still weakly conceptualised in the SDG Indicators • there is a strong case for defining new ‘groundwater resource status indicators’ for SDG Targets 6.3, 6.4 and 6.6, because groundwater resources are integral to these but not...
Policy Report
The Executive Summary of Research on Monitoring and Evaluation of Education for Sustainable Development in the Asia-Pacific Region presents an overview of the research, findings and recommendations from a collaborative research project that was initiated by the United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS) and the Institute for...
Issue Brief
Author:
C. Visvanathan
Most industrial operations are linear processes in which raw materials are processed into products, with waste as a by-product. However, waste is also generated at the time of raw material extraction, during processing, and ultimately at the end-of-life stage of a product. To minimise, reutilise or recycle waste at each stage, industrial operations...
Issue Brief
Agenda 21, which was adopted at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED Earth Summit), placed Green Purchasing as a key tool to both reduce environmental load and raise levels of sustainable consumption and production. Further, Goal 22 of the HaNoi 3R Declaration (Sustainable 3R Goals or Asia for 2013-2023) is to...
Issue Brief
Author:
Kousuke Kawai
Tomohiro Tasaki
MSW (municipal solid waste) generation and MSW generation per capita refer to indicators of environmental pressures humankind exerts on the environment (OECD, 2003), and by extension, environmental pressures caused by the use of natural resources. Currently, 340 million tons of MSW is generated a year in South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific Region...
Issue Brief
Author:
Tomohiro Tasaki
Michikazu Kojima
The EPR indicator refers to the existence or strengthening of policies on recycling and waste management targeting specific end-of-life products or waste streams, and involves producers in recycling or waste management activities. Such policies make producers and importers physically and financially responsible for used product take-back,...
Policy Report
This report was developed as part of a series of three research publications on the research project led by UNU-IAS and IGES on monitoring and evaluation of education for sustainable development, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. This report specifically focuses on the development of an appropriate framework for structuring the approach on...
Issue Brief
Author:
Michikazu Kojima
Agamuthu Pariatamby
The basic qualitative indicator Hazardous Waste refers to the existence of regulations controlling hazardous waste. The presence of regulations themselves should also promote environmentally sound management of hazardous waste. Amounts and rates of generation of hazardous waste are the main quantitative indicators. To assess a country’s hazardous...
Discussion Paper
Author:
C. Visvanathan
Michikazu Kojima
This background paper was prepared by experts of the Asia Resource Circulation Policy Research Group to facilitate discussions on policy and performance indicators on the 3Rs and resource efficiency. It discusses why the indicators are useful in monitoring progress in 3R efforts, existing good practices, opportunities for improving the capacity...
Keywords:
Issue Brief
Author:
Michikazu Kojima
C. Visvanathan
The Recycling Rate and Target is often presented as a proportional value (%) and reflects the proportion of materials recycled or recovered from waste or the rate of inclusion of recycled materials in products. High figures usually imply progress in recycling activities. The indicator has several different aspects: 1) Ratio of recycled materials...