Embodied Emissions

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Peer-reviewed Article
In 21st Conference of International Input-Output Association
From 1971 to 2010, world trade grew fast by 10% per year on average (World Trade Organization 2011). The rapid growth of international trade contributes not only national economic growth but also increasing environmental pressures, such as raw material extraction and depletion, carbon emissions, water resource deterioration and landscape change and...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Carbon Management
For effective and practical implementation of border carbon adjustment, it is crucial to determine the carbon content of imports/exports. In this paper we discussed two criteria. One is direct carbon emissions, which accounts for direct emissions generated from production. The other is embodied emissions which accounts for the total emissions...
Peer-reviewed Article
In 19th International Input-Output Conference, 13-17 June 2011, Alexandria, Virginia, USA
Author:
Competitiveness and carbon leakage are two central concerns in the international negotiations of a future climate policy. With more attentions given to border adjustment measures to address these concerns, it is rational to consider consumption-based national inventory to account for emissions embodied in international trade. In this work, we...
Presentation
The 19th International Input-Output Conference, 13-17 June 2011, Alexandria, Virginia, USA
Author:
Competitiveness and carbon leakage are two central concerns in the international negotiations of a future climate policy. With more attentions given to border adjustment measures to address these concerns, it is rational to consider consumption-based national inventory to account for emissions embodied in international trade. In this work, we...
Policy Report
This report is based on IGES initiated research to assess embodied emissions in international trade, with particular focus on Asian countries. Part I, conducted by the Economic Analysis Team of IGES, focuses on the assessment of emissions embodied in multilateral trade in Asian countries and different responsibility principles for the generation of...
Policy Report
Author:
The entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Control (UNFCCC) divides parties into two groups by their obligations to mitigate domestic emissions. This division creates differences in the strictness of domestic climate policy, which are in favour of the conditions for creating the “heavens” of...
Book Chapter
Author:
This chapter introduced multi-region input-output analysis (MRIOA) and its extensions to accounting for emissions embodied in international trade. The basic framework of a MRIO table is introduced followed by an explanation on the differences between MRIOA and input-output analysis that is based on a single country. This chapter also provided an...