Sanitation

Results 1 - 6 of 6 (Sorted by date)
Commissioned Report
Author:
Muhammad
Sonny Abfertiawan
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with a total population of more than 260 million people, of which about 52% live in urban areas. It has been predicted that by 2025, 67.5% of population will live in cities. This situation will create a huge burden for basic urban infrastructure, especially sewerage systems. It is estimated...
Policy Report
Author:
UNESCAP
Since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2016, scientist have been studying its “indivisible whole” nature, with the objectives to propose viable methods and tools for integrated planning of the implementation of the 17 SDGs. Furthermore, their 169 targets were developed through an inclusive and comprehensive process...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.6 No.2
Author:
Monthip Sriratana Tabucanon
Thailand completed its Eighth National Economic and Social Development Plan at the end of 2001. Important changes in natural resource management and environmental protection were made during the five-years of this National Plan. The Ninth National Economic and Social Development Plan carries forward many of these crucial efforts regarding natural...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.2
Author:
Brendan Gillespie
The international community has agreed to halve the proportion of people without access to safe water and sanitation by 2015. Achieving this task is a major challenge that will require strengthened efforts from all stakeholders, and, according to some estimates, a doubling of financial commitment (see Winpenny 2003). Currently, 1.1 billion people...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.2
Author:
A. T. M. Nurul Amin
This paper starts by tracing the origin of the informal sector and urban environmental management (UEM) paradigms. Their points of intersection in solid waste management and in the provision of water supply and sanitation are investigated based on a large number of published and unpublished studies. In addition to identifying the supply- and demand...
Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Hidetoshi Kitawaki
In developing countries, the major meaning of "sanitation" is the management of human excreta. In developing countries with poor water supply and sanitation systems, life expectancy is far lower than in industrialized countries. The causes of deaths are also quite different; infectious diseases account for more than 40 percent of deaths in...