Involvement of the Local Government in the Local Production for Local Consumption of Energy: Case consideration of local energy companies, including the City of Kitakyushu

The Great East Japan Earthquake highlighted the importance of building diversified energy systems suited to local areas. Since April in 2016, the electric power retail market has been fully liberalized in Japan. This pamphlet explains the background of establishment of local energy companies by local governments in Japan, summarizes and compares the cases and initiatives of local governments, and introduces similarities among local energy companies as well as issues to be considered for local governments that are planning a new entry to the market in the future.


Japanese Version: