Habitat use of Bornean Ferret Badger Melogale everetti in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo

In Small Carnivore Conservation
Volume (Issue): 57
Peer-reviewed Article

Bornean Ferret Badger Melogale everetti is endemic to the uplands of the Mount Kinabalu and the Crocker Range, Sabah, north Borneo; it is currently categorized as Endangered on The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. No systematic survey has been conducted and its ecology is largely unknown. To better understand the ecology of Bornean Ferret Badger and the influences of human impacts on the species, a targeted camera-trap survey was conducted. Camera-traps were set up in an area between Crocker Range Park and Tenompok Forest Reserve, along a ridge connecting Mount Kinabalu with the Crocker Range. This area is inhabited by local people and includes old-growth forests, secondary forests and slash-and-burn fields. A total of 112 images of Bornean Ferret Badger were obtained from old-growth forests and from slash-and-burn fields, but none from secondary forests. The encounter rate for this species was not significantly different between old-growth forests and slash-and-burn fields and highest among the 10 wild carnivores recorded in the survey area. The elevation range of the camera-trap records was 990–1440 m. These findings indicate that the habitat of Bornean Ferret Badger in this landscape includes slash-and-burn fields and old-growth forests. However, its population trends must be carefully monitored; the camera-traps often detected Domestic Dogs Canis familiaris, which could be a major threat to this species, both within and outside the protected area.

Author:
Hidemi
Nagano
Keiichi
Okada
Yoshihiro
Nakashima
Jamili
Nais
Kenehiro
Kitayama
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