Exploring the Current and Future Potential of Urban Agriculture in Growing Urban Sprawls of India: Strengths and Challenges

In Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability
Volume (Issue): 7/1
Peer-reviewed Article

The last century has been largely characterised
by (among many other things) increasing urbanisation, with
cities across the world (including India) expanding in both
number and size. Infrastructure growth, expansion of cities
and consumption pattern of urban inhabitants are significant
having enormous impact on ecosystems and natural
resources (especially land, water and biodiversity) within
cities as well as far beyond the city boundaries. Growing
challenges with respect to sustainability of growing urban
sprawls of India and how nutritional security are going to
be affected in coming decade has been highlighted in the
paper. Urban agriculture (UA) is an important Nature-based
Solution that can help the urban locals of growing urban
sprawls of the country to reduce pressure on rural and periurban areas for sustainable growth of urban areas. UA is
decentralised, local food production system for enhancing
urban food production to achieve urban food selfsufficiency. UA framework in Indian context depends on
physical- and socio-economic factors responsible for current
and future potential of UA. UA has to play a pivotal role in
future in urban food security. However, the key challenge is
to quantify the current and future potential of UA in
sustainable growth of mega-cities. Study highlights
knowledge gap and need of proactive policy planning for
promoting UA to localise and realise Sustainable
development goals, especially SDG 2 and 11.