Corporate Sustainability Management in China, Korea and Japan: A Questionnaire Survey Report

2003-No.7E
Discussion Paper

1. Background

In order to compare the current status of Corporate Sustainability Management in China, Korea and Japan, the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES, headquartered in Japan) has conducted a survey project with cooperation from the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy of State Environmental Protection Agency (China) and the LG Environmental Strategy Institute (Korea).

Every year, the Ministry of the Environment of Japan (MOEJ) conducts a questionnaire survey on the current status of Corporate Sustainability Management (CSM) of Japanese companies. The survey has taken root as a basic material for policy makers and practitioners to analyze the current situation of Corporate Sustainability Management. However, information on other Asian countries is scarce, although the economic cooperation in Asia is expected to increase significantly in near future.
The survey project developed a common questionnaire sheet in English, translated it into the national languages, and distributed to listed companies in Chinese and Korean stock exchange markets. For Japanese companies' data, the MOEJ survey was utilized. In order to have comparative data among the three countries, many of the questions in the questionnaire sheet were borrowed from the FY2002 MOEJ survey. By selecting questions from the FY2002 MOEJ survey and the previous IGES survey and adding some new questions, the survey project conducted its own survey on Chinese and Korean companies.

It is very difficult to compare companies' behavior in different countries, because political and economic contexts differ each other. Besides, in a questionnaire sheet survey, even a slight difference of the expression of a question affects the results very much, and this survey needed translation processes between Japanese, English, Chinese and Korean.

Although this survey has some these difficulties, the members of the survey project believe that the survey result still serves as a valuable material for policy makers and practitioners to analyze the Corporate Sustainability Management of Chinese, Korean and Japanese companies.

Contents
1. Background
2. Major findings
3. Survey Outlines (China, Korea, Japan)
4. List of Questioned Issues
5. Question and its Result

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