The international community has progressively reached at a consensus that there will be residual impacts associated with climate change despite implementing adaptation and greenhouse gas mitigation and that there is a need to address these impacts in research and development efforts. Recognizing the importance of loss and damage, the COP18 that met in Doha has taken a decision to establish institutional arrangements to help vulnerable countries address the loss and damage. In view of this, IGES, APAN and stakeholders have organized an international conference on loss and damage on 30-31st August in Bangkok, Thailand, with the support of Ministry of Environment Japan, where science, policy and practice communities have gathered. This summary document provides details of the discussions ensued during the conference.
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