Climate change adaptation in water and sanitation: Pertinent issues and way forward for adaptation decision making

IGES Working Paper
IGES Working Paper No.2013 –07
Working Paper
Climate change adaptation in water and sanitation: Pertinent issues and way forward for adaptation decision making

Water and sanitation play an important role in the sustainable development and are central to all activities of human beings and for the health of the natural ecosystems. For the past several decades, water and sanitation, especially water sector, have been subjected to two kinds of pressures i.e. developmental pressure and climate change related impacts. Among the developmental pressures, the primary demand has been from the rapidly growing population and urbanization process. Climate change is now recognized as one of the major challenges for the 21st century. Thus, in addition to the developmental pressures mentioned earlier, the ensuing adverse impacts of climate change on water and sanitation have created actual danger for development and health. Keeping the above background in view, this working paper elicits various tools for prioritizing adaptation actions within water and sanitation sectors, evaluates different adaptation options including structural and non-structural adaptation and identify barriers that could undermine the rapid expansion of these adaptation options.

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